Argentina China Free Trade Agreement

Argentina China Free Trade Agreement: A Brief Overview

In November 2018, Argentina and China signed a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) aimed at increasing trade and investment flows between both countries. The agreement, which is still being implemented, covers a wide range of sectors, from agriculture and fisheries to services and e-commerce.

The Argentina China FTA is considered a significant milestone in the economic relations between these two nations. China is Argentina`s second-largest trading partner, accounting for 11.2% of its total trade in 2019. Meanwhile, Argentina is China`s eighth-largest trading partner in Latin America.

Benefits of the Argentina China FTA

The FTA promises to bring several benefits to both Argentina and China. For Argentina, it means new market opportunities for its exports, particularly in the agricultural and livestock sectors. Chinese consumers have a growing appetite for high-quality food products, and Argentine beef, wine, and soybean products are highly sought after in China.

Argentina is also hoping to attract more Chinese investment in sectors such as renewable energy, infrastructure, and technology. Chinese companies have already invested heavily in Argentina`s energy and transportation sectors in recent years, and the FTA could boost these investments even further.

For China, the FTA represents an opportunity to gain greater access to Argentina`s natural resources, including its vast shale gas and oil reserves. Additionally, the FTA is expected to increase China`s exports of manufactured goods to Argentina, such as electronics, machinery, and textiles.

Challenges with the Argentina China FTA

Despite the potential benefits of the FTA, there are also some challenges that need to be overcome. One of the main issues is the trade imbalance between Argentina and China. In recent years, Argentina has been running a significant trade deficit with China, as it imports more goods from China than it exports.

The FTA aims to address this imbalance by increasing Argentina`s exports to China. However, this will depend on Argentina`s ability to meet China`s strict food safety and quality standards, which can be a significant barrier to entry for many Argentine companies.

Another challenge is the impact of the FTA on Argentina`s domestic industries, particularly in sectors such as textiles, footwear, and plastics. Many Argentine companies fear that they will not be able to compete with cheaper Chinese imports, which could lead to job losses and a decline in the domestic manufacturing industry.


The Argentina China Free Trade Agreement represents a significant opportunity for both countries to boost their trade and investment relations. However, there are also challenges that need to be addressed, such as the trade imbalance and the impact on domestic industries. The success of the FTA will depend on how effectively both countries can manage these challenges and capitalize on the opportunities presented by the agreement.


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